The Battle of Midway 1942: Told from the Japanese Perspective (1/3)

  Ko‘rishlar soni 9,929,860


Yil oldin

(Animated Battle Map)
This is part one of a three part video series covering Operation MI. As you can see I spent a considerable amount of time covering Nagumo’s Dilemma. To me it's one of most striking examples of how tough it can be for a commander to make a decision based on the information at hand. I found that to be the most interesting aspect of the battle.
I don’t have a Patreon but if you want to show appreciation for my work feel free to donate.
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"Strength" , "Auxiliary", and "unknown" are misspelled in the video.
At 22:55 I should have stated “North of Midway” instead of Northeast of Midway. The illustration shows a 10 degree 240 nm from midway location. Not so Northeast as I audibly stated.
At 23:43 I should have stated 79 aircraft instead of 78 and I should have displayed 35 instead of 34 torpedo bombers. the “mistake” came about because sources still differ on whether there were 27 or 26 Carrier attack planes (Kates). If it was 27 it would have been 79 Planes. if it was 26 it would have been 78. During the recording I somehow mixed up the numbers.
Additional Notes:
notice that the carriers started off the battle in a box formation. This provided further mutual support for their rather weak AA fire. however, due to the incessant air attacks from VT-8, VT-6 and VT-3, the carriers were never able to reform in a box formation, instead they were in a ragged line which further worsened their AA capabilities.
-----------------------------------------Spoiler Below regarding Nagumo's Dilemma---------------------------------------------
So what was the answer to Nagumo’s Dilemma?
“Taking all together, and admittedly operating with the benefit of hindsight, the “right” answer to Nagumo’s conundrum probably should have emphasized maneuver, offensive speed in preference to mass, and passive damage control. With fifteen minutes in which to act, he didn’t really have time to implement anything terribly fancy. But he could have helped himself immensely by immediately spotting every strike airplane in his hangars, whether they were armed or not, and launching them at the Americans. The sixty-four armed aircraft he had in had were perfectly capable of doing enormous damage to his enemy. And by emptying his hangars, he removed the single greatest danger to his carriers --- the presence of fueled and armed aircraft within them.”
Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007 : p. 170
Music :
Ride of the Valkyries - Wagner
Isom, D. W. (2007). Midway inquest: Why the Japanese lost the Battle of Midway. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Lundstrom, J. B. (2013). The First Team Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. New York: Naval Institute Press.
Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007.
Stille, M. (2010). Midway 1942: Turning-point in the Pacific(Vol. 226, Campaign). Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
Toll, I. W. (2012). Pacific crucible: War at sea in the Pacific, 1941-1942. New York: W.W. Norton.
Willmott, H. P. (2008). The barrier and the javelin: Japanese and Allied Pacific strategies, February to June 1942. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
And of course:

Daniel Lynch
Daniel Lynch 4 soat oldin
Spectacular. I have read multiple books about Midway and while this animation did not show anything I didn't know, it is presented so beautifully. Anybody who wants to know Midway could start with this video THEN go to the books.
Paul Hicks
Paul Hicks 7 soat oldin
Outstandingly well researched, well presented piece of work. If the history channels had anyone half as well informed - and as capable in conveying information, they would be transformed. I congratulate you.
Alexander Novikov
Alexander Novikov 9 soat oldin
LOL BIGgEST OPPONENT>?! educate yourself merican.. qauntun army was destroyed BY USSR.... USA just did NUCLEAR BOBMBING OF NON MILITARY OBJECTS....Hiroshima and Nagasaki... yes make that video that you will be looking at least sort of warriors...ITS BIGGEST shame moment for your country..and whole humanity history..... hypocrites, thugs, amoral . take care exceptionals lol....
David Moore
David Moore 11 soat oldin
Midway was the most important, but it was not the biggest naval fight of WWII.
fuck k-pop and tiktok
fuck k-pop and tiktok 13 soat oldin
Americans be like " let's show them the sun lmao "
spymaine89 16 soat oldin
us senate Sen. Josh Hawley slams retired Lt. Gen. Russel L. Honoré, Speaker Pelosi's proposed Capitol Insurrection investigator, during a Senate hearing.
Robert Duatin
Robert Duatin 16 soat oldin
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Jay Dee
Jay Dee 22 soat oldin
They tried to reveal the intention for posterity. Sadly, it was a ninja attack. Highly dishonored themselves. That said. I think the JDF should be activated as the JAF the anti-terror branch of American military. Let the ninja out and the samurai serve the will of his honored oath. They'd eat the shit up, fundamentalists be damned! Activate Japanese warrior ethos. The cultures we build together will mesh seamlessly.
Lavalambtron 23 soat oldin
We are waiting for china 🇨🇳 to try something similar in the 21st century, the aim will be the same, to defeat the US for good.
Cheezburger15 Kun oldin
This kind of format for a video, making us the commanding officer, and giving reasoning for the decisions is amazing
Erhardt Kun oldin
Well... This is something for the Navy War college for Flag Staff Officers to study... like I’m sure they do anyway ... Very nice indeed sir 👍🥳✌️
meryem essafi
meryem essafi Kun oldin
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Riley The Operator
Riley The Operator Kun oldin
Nagumo: Were gonna invade midway! USA: So you have chosen death
Noshur Viverse
Noshur Viverse 19 soat oldin
Actually, Nagumo was more in favor of a transition to a defensive strategy. However, despite being the officer commanding the Kido Butai he had rather little political power, so his opposition meant little.
jeff fung
jeff fung Kun oldin
The questionable swim selectively charge because poet cellularly grip sans a lacking jury. ill-fated, rustic hippopotamus
Dean Dreisbach
Dean Dreisbach Kun oldin
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James Price
James Price Kun oldin
This is a brilliant exposition of the fog of war.
ivan us
ivan us Kun oldin
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Huynh Ha Phuong
Huynh Ha Phuong 2 kun oldin
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Rebecca Mullins
Rebecca Mullins 2 kun oldin
Nick Mine
Nick Mine 2 kun oldin
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OneClick 3
OneClick 3 2 kun oldin
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OneClick 3
OneClick 3 2 kun oldin
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Anselm Kersten
Anselm Kersten 2 kun oldin
Clearest explanation of the Thach Weave I've come across. Thanks!
Something Random
Something Random 2 kun oldin
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MarkoDeLaVoota 2 kun oldin
lucky ?
Rhats Kicks
Rhats Kicks 2 kun oldin
The graceful foundation intuitively fill because act proportionately protect underneath a literate queen. oval, wiry judge
Dave Petersen
Dave Petersen 2 kun oldin
The Japanese attack on Pearl was pure luck that they weren’t disastrously wiped out. Incredible Japanese luck that US fleet and air were on stand down for that 1 day out of 4 straight weeks of defensive high alert and drills. Not true that the Japanese fielded the best pilots. The Zhuikaku’s and Shokaku’s air wings were recently formed and lacked all but rudimentary training. They were new (about 3-400 hours) untested, and not trained in combat maneuvers, bombing, or hard core dogfighting - they were only entrusted with strafing the airfields. US Pilots on the other hand typically had 700 flight hours and extensive training in combat On the other hand, Midway was pure American luck. The odds of the Tone’s rece plane being late with mech problems and it being on a flight path to discover the US forces was really tiny odds. Further, the odds of a garbled spotting report by that plane when it finally flew over the US fleet added to US luck in a priceless way.
Jeremiah Lim
Jeremiah Lim 2 kun oldin
Tulip will not see 53K again. Why? BSV is in talks with CEOs of wall street and Asia to invest in Satoshi whitepaper BSV for $200. BSV academy to teach astounding truth to CEOs. What truth? Chinese are saying BTC is fool's gold... And Bitcoin Satoshi Version (BSV) is "digital silver." Really? BSV is now being used in 3 commercial operations according to recent Dubai conference.
Axel Mendoza
Axel Mendoza 2 kun oldin
This UZpost video is the best video I have ever seen. This is what UZpost is all about. How can we donate some cash to this guy. Fucking amazing.
Patrick R.
Patrick R. 2 kun oldin
So detailed, I couldn't stop watching!
JayTB 2 kun oldin
is it bad i've watched this like 15 times in the past 2 weeks. Which doesn't include all the times before that.
sam moore
sam moore 3 kun oldin
Did the first wave get to land, or ditch?
Penultimate H
Penultimate H 3 kun oldin
Right after the battle, Nagumo had no idea that the piecemeal arrival of the American squadrons was happenstance. He thought that three helpless torpedo squadrons had intentionally thrown themselves against him as a pure diversion, sacrificing themselves "like Samurai" he said, so that their brothers could hit him from above. If these supposedly decadent Americans were really capable of doing something like THAT, there was no hope.
Danielle Stewart
Danielle Stewart 3 kun oldin
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fitness foodie
fitness foodie 3 kun oldin
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Harvey Allen
Harvey Allen 3 kun oldin
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ken PRIVATE 3 kun oldin
Chaitanya Cherukuri
Chaitanya Cherukuri 3 kun oldin
melon musk
melon musk 3 kun oldin
39:25 when you accidentally step in high level terittory
Sanna Ong
Sanna Ong 3 kun oldin
The greedy nerve connolly gather because weather enzymatically harm off a giant revolver. quack, male dollar
Doug Batt
Doug Batt 3 kun oldin
Informative and the timeline detail of Nagumo's Dilemma was helpful. You should also consider other decisive historical engagements land or sea.
Aldo Fitla
Aldo Fitla 3 kun oldin
Admiral Yamamoto : "USA is a sleeping giant. Once you awaked him , you got six month to kill him. After 6 months , it s too late."
CAT 3 kun oldin
@Aldo Fitla Read the link i posted, it's fictional quote from movie.
Aldo Fitla
Aldo Fitla 3 kun oldin
@CAT Yamamoto studied in USA. And his assessment of US firepower was accurate.
CAT 3 kun oldin
This is probably just movie quote.
Lennysunday 3 kun oldin
Stupid decision.
FTheLeo 3 kun oldin
Please make a part 2 of the Major battles of WW2. Can you make Stalingrad? Your narration is excellent
ArnoldXD 4 kun oldin
Having half your force kitted for naval warfare you should of set your priority for the naval battle after such an attack rather that changing ordinance. Critical mistake since he had intelligence suggesting an enemy presence. it would of been better to use your superior range and launch the naval planes well before the midway strike group got back. Refitting them only tightened schedule. Also he should of focused on launching any plane up into the sky with any of the 4 carriers for air defense rather than having them all do dangerous maneuvers. I don't think it takes long to launch 1 plane and that's what they needed. once they were being pressured.
Noshur Viverse
Noshur Viverse 3 kun oldin
Zeroes were being launched pretty much constantly. The carriers started with about 12 CAP planes overhead, at the time of the dive bomber attack at 1025 there was about 45 in the air.
Eric Peters
Eric Peters 4 kun oldin
This is how a damn documentary should be. To the point without all the theatrics. Kudos and outstanding job.
Andy Brennand
Andy Brennand 4 kun oldin
Makes the History channel look stupid.
jarrod yuki
jarrod yuki 4 kun oldin
i hate america!!!
jarrod yuki
jarrod yuki 3 kun oldin
@Shain Andrews once America is yellowstoned japan china and germany will once again overtake the world.
Shain Andrews
Shain Andrews 3 kun oldin
@jarrod yuki You are clearly a small child.
jarrod yuki
jarrod yuki 3 kun oldin
@Shain Andrews women have no authority to lecture men. much less adult men.
Shain Andrews
Shain Andrews 3 kun oldin
@jarrod yuki I think you are a misguided kid trying to troll... poorly...
jarrod yuki
jarrod yuki 3 kun oldin
@Shain Andrews for the two atomic bombs and taking away our empire there.
Conundrum 4 kun oldin
It seems like, given the fact that capturing Midway was never the true purpose of the attack, rearming to attack land targets was a horrible idea in the first place. Who cares if you don't take the island? The island isn't what matters.
David Currens
David Currens 4 kun oldin
Awesome presentation
Francesco Ruosi
Francesco Ruosi 4 kun oldin
amazing video
Craig Nguyen
Craig Nguyen 4 kun oldin
do the american planned this? by waves of weak ess attack to keep nagumo planes unable to launch then strike from two sides?
Nikolaos Pseudonymous
Nikolaos Pseudonymous 4 kun oldin
Wait, all the Japanese missions were codenamed with the initials of their target? I really hope that is a translation thing or just what the Americans called it afterwords.
Freddy Fox 500
Freddy Fox 500 4 kun oldin
We could build schools and hospitals for everyone on earth, but choose to fight each other instead."An organism at war with it self is doomed."
SpaceyGnat 3 kun oldin
You realize that both of those things would be redundant without war?
Toxic Man Flu
Toxic Man Flu 4 kun oldin
Well done, very well done
Jimmy 4 kun oldin
Lol toxic squadron leaders ended up beating the Japanese
TheTriangle444 4 kun oldin
Man what the hell are these recent cryptic riddle like comments by random accounts
Shain Andrews
Shain Andrews 4 kun oldin
Bots using AI. Their purpose? I have not figured it out yet.
Bill Wright
Bill Wright 4 kun oldin
The electric wire serologically tie because menu proportionately vanish barring a ambiguous arm. straight, devilish latency
Patrick Donnolley
Patrick Donnolley 4 kun oldin
38:49 and now because I'm immature. OWARI DA!
Spoof 01
Spoof 01 4 kun oldin
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Erik Jakob Neuschvendtner
Erik Jakob Neuschvendtner 4 kun oldin
The numerous line proximally fetch because crayfish simulteneously want by a deep hen. common, amazing check
Joey Morales
Joey Morales 4 kun oldin
I'd crash two of my carriers into the american ones and then use my supporting ships to hold the americans in places while I launch my fighters all while drinking heavily
Eagle775 4 kun oldin
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John 3:16, Ephesians 2:8-9 Jesus Christ is the only way, KJV.
CAT 3 kun oldin
End? No, the journey doesn't end here. Death is just another path, one that we all must take. The grey rain-curtain of this world rolls back, and all turns to silver glass, and then you see it. White shores, and beyond, a far green country under a swift sunrise. Gandalf
brendancramphorn44 4 kun oldin
At 27:54.... I would have sent in the aircraft aided by some of the protection fleet, there are obvious enemies rushing your flank! The Japanese lost due to underestimating the Americans, the Americans took advantage of this and was able to destroy their superior Air Force and ships.
Jim H
Jim H 5 kun oldin
Funny...try to get the US to surrender 🤣🤣 good luck with that
ching ho
ching ho 5 kun oldin
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William Reymond
William Reymond 5 kun oldin
00:50] "It was considered that Americas's center of gravity was it's Pacific Fleet, *primarily it's carriers..."* This statement is historically wrong in two important respects. First, the Japanese Imperial Command was completely wrong and ignored Yamamoto's own warning and that it was Americas's immense industrial capacity that was the danger to Japan's imperial expansion. Second, the attack upon Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941, confirmed Imperial Japanese priorities as attacking the United States Navy' battle ship force as it's primary goal. That point is not even arguable - they attacked the battleships relentlessly - but the aircraft carriers *all* got away. Because the 'final battle' that the IJN envisioned was a battleship to battleship showdown. This point isn't arguable any longer.
88 18
88 18 5 kun oldin
pish ! all pish .from which tribe has this been seamed to be told !
Gerard Ligonde
Gerard Ligonde 5 kun oldin
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garylobo3 5 kun oldin
Great vid! Took long enough but the good guys finally got it done. Where was the Kobiyashi Maru? Oh sorry, that was Star Trek. Well we all know how the aggressors, the Japanese, met their final end. They screwed with the wrong country, fighting two wars at the same time on different seas. Now they're our friends. Funny how that works.
I don't know lol
I don't know lol 5 kun oldin
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Robert Duatin
Robert Duatin 5 kun oldin
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John Leo
John Leo 5 kun oldin
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Norske noober v2 Bremseth
Norske noober v2 Bremseth 5 kun oldin
I feel bad for the japanise they hade so bad luck and this fight wasent fair
MikiKiki 5 kun oldin
The Japanese had the best naval fleet and pilots on earth. Idiot.
null null
null null 5 kun oldin
The grubby gruesome cod provisionally trick because ash quickly tie athwart a bustling hook. cooing, imaginary shoulder
Sebastian Lehrbaum
Sebastian Lehrbaum 5 kun oldin
You asked how I would have acted in his situation. I wanted to launch part of the strike so that it doesn't take 45 minutes. 4 carriers can in less time launch a strike like a single carrier could. Then he could still recover the incoming aircraft. The idea is, if the enemy indeed is just a small force without carrier, then a smaller strike should be able to take them out. If they do have a carrier, then we need to get them under attack, so that they cannot launch.
Drknsss 5 kun oldin
This is an amazing series! More Montemayor and less (or no) Logan Paul, please!!!!!!
I don't know lol
I don't know lol 5 kun oldin
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ching ho
ching ho 5 kun oldin
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ching ho
ching ho 5 kun oldin
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Shig Ogyu
Shig Ogyu 5 kun oldin
There are good books on the Battle of Midway, including Shattered Sword, they all lack good maps for the fleet movements. This video has provided a much clearer vision of the battle with the well researched materials. Excellent!
Belinda Burke
Belinda Burke 5 kun oldin
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Blackduck 5 kun oldin
I wish they would show you this video in history class. So easy to understand and so much lovely detail. Learning should be this easy
Juan Hernandez
Juan Hernandez 5 kun oldin
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Oscar Cantor
Oscar Cantor 5 kun oldin
Tunnel vision OP
ching ho
ching ho 5 kun oldin
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Abdul Alim Baakza
Abdul Alim Baakza 5 kun oldin
Excellent documentary
MJ Chames
MJ Chames 5 kun oldin
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Richard Zellers
Richard Zellers 5 kun oldin
hi 2
hi 2 5 kun oldin
looks like the kido budai kido bu-died
MikiKiki 5 kun oldin
Ru Qa
Ru Qa 5 kun oldin
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Kameleonic 5 kun oldin
Excellent video, and made on my birthday, and I lived in Japan 18 years, so all good:)
Scott Isbell
Scott Isbell 5 kun oldin
I have watched this before...but everytime it pops on my timeline I have to watch it good...thanks!
Daniel Kwon
Daniel Kwon 5 kun oldin
whats your accent
Juan Hernandez
Juan Hernandez 5 kun oldin
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Juan Hernandez
Juan Hernandez 5 kun oldin
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Juan Hernandez 5 kun oldin
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Torr Medan
Torr Medan 6 kun oldin
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Alexei Ramotar
Alexei Ramotar 6 kun oldin
On the day the Americans got extremely lucky. An uncoordinated attack that ended up being perfectly coordinated.
Johnny Cheung
Johnny Cheung 6 kun oldin
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Quinn Morillo 6 kun oldin
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